Dandruff is the shedding of excessive amounts of flakes of dead skin from the scalp. It is a cosmetic problem experienced by hundreds of millions of people in the world but it is not contagious. It is often accompanied by itchiness of the scalp. Dandruff is sometimes confused with dry scalp but it differs from it in that it improves when one shampoos more often.

Skin cells are constantly renewing themselves. When skin cells on the scalp at renewed, the old ones are pushed to the surface, leaving the scalp. In a normal healthy scalp environment this renewal process is unnoticeable. With dandruff, the skin renewal speeds up , so that a bigger amount of dead cells are shed in clumps, which are big enough to be seen with the naked eye as embarrassing white flakes.

There are several types of dandruff and each is a result of a different medical condition. Common dandruff is believed to be related to a fungus known as malassezia, which normally lives in the human scalp. In some cases, the sudden proliferation of this fungus results in the flakiness of the skin characteristics of dandruff. The reasons for this overgrowth of fungus are unclear. 

Severe dandruff may lead to scalp psoriasis.

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    Questions & Answers

    I should look at my mother's family to see if I am going to loose my hair - the gene comes from the maternal side.

    Hereditary hair loss can be passed on by either parent, although the strongest influence is on the maternal side. The gene or genes responsible for this have not yet been identified and the pattern of inheritance is complex. If hair loss in the family, it is likely that you too will be affected. However there are other reasons for hair loss apart from heredity.

    Losing an average of 40-100 hairs a day is normal - they just grow back again,

    It is true for people who don’t have male pattern baldness, and there hairs that fall out will soon be replaced by new once. If you are suffering from hereditary hair loss, those hair often came from follicles that are shrinking and the new hairs emerging from these follicles will be thinner. Eventually the follicles shut down and no longer produce hair at all.

    I can increase number of follicles on my scalp by using drugs.

    Yes surely!! we can with the help of new advanced Root Grow Therapy. We can increase destiny volume and number of hair follicles

    Blow-drying can cause hair loss.

    No, but it can dry, burn and damage hairs that may then fall out. If you are suffering from hereditary hair loss, the new hairs that grow are often thinner and less visible than the ones they are replacing.

    Bald men are more virile.

    There is little evidence of excess levels of testosterone or related hormones in bald man. The belief that baldness makes you more virile than a man with full head of hair is, unfortunately, without scientific foundation.

    You wash your hair too often, you will go bald.

    Frequent shampooing has no effect, positive or negative, on hereditary hair loss. But it is important to take good care of the hair you have.

    If I take special dietary supplements I can prevent hair loss.

    In most cases, hair loss is due to genes and the way that your hair follicles respond to male hormones. Severe malnutrition can bring on hair loss but this in unrelated to hereditary hair loss. However a poor diet can bring on predetermined hereditary hair loss earlier that expected.

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